Endometriosis is a disease that affects roughly 10% of the world’s women population.

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Endometriosis might increase the probability of infertility, causes severe pain and greatly reduces overall quality of life. Yet only in recent years has Endometriosis gained the appropriate attention.

What is endometriosis?

Endometriosis is a condition that affects women, in which endometrial tissue (inner uterus tissue) grows in other areas, namely the pelvis and reproductive organs. While Endometriosis is not considered dangerous except in rare cases, it can lead to infertility, pelvic pain, pain during intercourse and severe discomfort. In fact, it is believed that over 10% of the world’s women population suffer from Endometriosis. Most women who suffer from Endometriosis are in their 20’s-40’s (the fertility decades).
The pain, discomfort and infertility are caused due to the nature of endometrial tissue, which is similar outside of the uterus as well as within. This behavior includes bleeding during hormonal changes of the menstruation cycles and during intercourse, which can lead to inflammation, lesions, scar tissue and cysts outside of the uterus (on the ovaries, the fallopian tubes and anywhere within the pelvic cavity).

Endometriosis symptoms

Endometriosis symptoms include

infertility, excessive bleeding, painful intercourse, chronic pelvic pain, lower abdomen pain, back pain and other pains.

Yet not all women with Endometriosis feel its effects or symptoms. In fact, one of the challenges of Endometriosis is diagnosing it when it is symptomless.
The causal relationship between Endometriosis and infertility is strong – and poses a challenge to the medical community. Endometriosis related infertility is not rare– approximately 30% of women with Endometriosis experience varying degrees of difficulties getting pregnant. In fact, many women suffering from infertility end up as being diagnosed with Endometriosis. In addition, most women with Endometriosis experience varying degrees of pelvic pain. This pain can be quite strong and chronic, and can have an extremely negative effect on many aspects in women’s quality of life. Similar symptoms may be related to another condition affecting many women which is called Fibroids, also known as myomas. However the pathology of both conditions is different and should be addressed by your doctor.

Endometriosis causes and diagnosis

The cause for endometriosis is unknown, although it is believed that genetics may play a factor. The main diagnostic tools are ultrasound and diagnostic laparoscopy, of which the latter is considered more effective.
Diagnostic laparoscopy is often followed by operational laparoscopy, in which tissue is surgically removed. Diagnosis is executed by a qualified physician, and usually includes a biopsy based on specific symptoms.